Born in 1933, Dukakis is the former Governor of Massachusetts, and the 1988 Democratic Party nominee for President of the United States. Dukakis served two non-consecutive terms as Governor, and previously served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. He rose to national prominence during the 1988 Democratic primary, where he defeated challengers including Al Gore, Dick Gephardt, and Jesse Jackson. After a third place finish in the Iowa caucus, and a victory in the New Hampshire primary, Dukakis won six states on Super Tuesday, and went on to secure the Democratic nomination. At the 1988 DNC, Dukakis’ name was submitted by Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton, and he selected Texas Senator Lloyd Bentsen as his running mate. Dukakis lost the 1988 Presidential election to Vice President George H.W. Bush. Dukakis is known for his grass roots organization, which places an emphasis on community involvement at the local level.